Sunday, November 05, 2017

Nagarjuna's "Dream Tale" - Geshe Thupten Palsang

Geshe Thupten Palsang is giving a teaching at Tse Chok Ling Monastery -- translated by Geshe Kelsang Wangmo -- on a short text by Arya Nagarjuna on the Method aspect of the Path.

These Classes Concluded with Class 7 on Sunday, November 12, 2017 


VIDEO FILES of LIVE STREAMED classes are on FACEBOOK

Geshe Thupten Palsang's Malaysian students live streamed these teachings with Tibetan & English audio - on Geshe Palsang's FACEBOOK page created by his students:

Search for Thupten Palsang on Facebook.

DOWNLOAD AUDIO & TEXT FILES


Download a PDF of the text here: the Tale of a Wish-Fulfilling Dream or the Dream Tale.

Download Audio for the first class, Saturday, November 4, 2017:

   Track 1 - Geshe Thupten Palsang introduces the text and its purpose, which is to provide support for our efforts to Generate Love & Compassion for all Sentient Beings per the Mahayana Vehicle of Buddhism.

  Track 2 - Arya Nagarjuna explains the purpose of the Tale of a Wish-Fulfilling Dream [Dream Tale] -- to teach us methods/reasonings we can use to generate Loving Compassion for all sentient beings -- in Verse 1.

Since it is that which they achieve, it is like a dream;
Bodhisattvas accomplish that aspect.
In order to benefit samsaric beings
I will teach a few [methods for growing] fond of sentient beings.

Arya Nagarjuna presents five methods or reasonings to use in Verses 2-6. Geshe Palsang explains the reasoning method set out in Verse 2:

I and all sentient beings are equal [with regard to] happiness and suffering.
Being equal [with regard to] happiness and suffering, we are family.
So it is not right to completely abandon
These [beings] and enter Nirvana.

Download Audio for the second class, Sunday, November 5, 2017:

     Track 1 - Geshe Thupten Palsang elaborates Arya Nagarjuna’s Second and and Third Reasoning methods for generating Love and Compassion for all sentient beings in Verse 3 & Verse 4 of the Dream Tale:

Together with these beings I experienced
The sufferings of the lower realms and
All sorts of happiness of the higher realms.
Since we dwelt as one, I am fond of them.

Not just once did I reside in every womb.
Nor is there a single sentient being
Who did not reside in my womb.
Therefore, we are all family.

    Track 2 - Geshe Palsang presents Arya Nagarjuna’s Fourth Reasoning method for generating Love and Compassion for all sentient beings in Verse 5:

Further, I am fond of the Buddha.
As he worked hard for the sake
Of these [sentient beings] for a very long time;
That too makes me fond of sentient beings.

Geshe Palsang responds to students' questions.

Download Audio for the Third class, Monday, November 6, 2017:

     Track 1 - Geshe Thupten Palsang introduces Arya Nagarjuna’s Fifth Reasoning method for generating Love and Compassion for all sentient beings in Verse 5 of the Dream Tale:

In this way, since benefiting and harming
Are the [respective] causes of immeasurable
Happiness and suffering,
Sentient beings are also my gurus.

The five verses are elaborated in the text.  Since this Fifth Reasoning is the most complex or difficult, Geshe Palsang begins an introduction to the working of the Law of Karma, which needs to be understood in order to meditate on this method:
  • Law Cause & Effect vis-à-vis Law of Karma
  • Law of Karma and Concomitant Karmic Results
    Track 2 - Understanding How the Mind Works in order to:
  •  Understand Operation of Karma as primary results of virtuous, non-virtuous and neutral actions are Experiences of Feelings;
  • "Origin" of our Mental Consciousness;
  •  Characteristics of our Mental-Emotional Experiences;
  •  Mind/Body relationship;
  •  How can results of activities of one life be experienced in the next life.
Geshe-la urges us to Meditate on the Five Reasons for Cultivating Loving Compassion for All Sentient Beings given in Verses 2-6 of the Dream Tale and Reviews those Five Reasons.

Geshe Palsang responds to a heartfelt and important question.

Download Audio for the Fourth class, Wednesday, November 8, 2017:

     Track 1 - Geshe Thupten Palsang Introduction - Operation of Karma, cont., the Power of the Mind/Clairvoyance, Bardo & Rebirth, Prophecies.

     Track 2 - Geshe Thupten Palsang presents Dream Tale text:

Verses 7-9 - Negative Karmic Effects Result from Harming Sentient Beings.

(7)  The Sugata said, “In this life, experiencing 
The sufferings of being murdered, beaten
Held hostage, threatened, and so on,   
Those are the result of maltreating sentient beings.” 

(8)  Physical and non-physical harm,
Being destitute, of an inferior caste, and having a shor life,
One’s spouse dying, becoming blind:
These are the result of having harmed sentient beings

(9)  Experiencing the different types of sufferings
On each level of the lower realms, down to Avici hell
That is all from my fault
Of having harmed sentient beings. 
  • Verses 10-11 - Positive Karmic Effects Result from Benefiting [& Not Harming] Sentient Beings.
(10)  Offerings being made to oneself,
Being esteemed, attractive, and having wealth;
Those come through never maltreating
Pleasant or unpleasant sentient beings.

(11)  Being free of disease, of an excellent caste,
Handsome, rich, powerful and having a long life,
Wealth, and so on, and a special spouse
Are the result of benefitting sentient beings.
  • Verses 11-13 - Positive Karmic Effects Result from Benefiting Sentient Beings.
(12)  Through being fond of sentient beings,
One will attain kingdoms, great kingdoms,
Perfect kingdoms of the sublime wheel-turner,
And the dominions of power.

(13)  Through benefitting sentient beings,
One also attains the state of a Buddha.
What is so marvelous about someone attaining
The insignificant state of an inferior celestial being?
  •  Q&A.
Download Audio for the Fifth class, Thursday, November 9, 2017:

     Track 1 - Self-Cherishing is Root of All our Harmful Karmic Acts against Others, which Ripen as our own Suffering:
  • Developing Mind that Cherishes Others Will Benefit Us in Our Daily Life Right Now.
  • How Conjoining Daily Work with Compassionate Motivation to Benefit Others Produces Happiness
  • Self-Cherishing’s Resentments Lead Us to Destroying our own Chances for Happiness
  • Enhancing One’s Feeling of Closeness to All Sentient Beings Frees Us from Self-Cherishing’s Prison of Narrow-mindedness.
  • Benefits of Focusing on Sentient Beings while Practicing the Six Paramitas
  • Value of Practicing Each of the Six Paramitas
     Track 2 - Dream Tale text, Verses 14-18 -  Enumerating How All Sentient Beings Benefit Me.

14)  If those sentient beings did not exist
With whom could one be generous?                        
If living beings did not exist, on what basis
Could one achieve the morality of the Vinaya?

     Track 3 - Verse 15. Without Beings [e.g., those Who Harm Us], We can’t Develop the Perfection of Patience:

15)  For whose sake does a hero meditate 

On patience for those who commit a fault? 
For the sake of whom does he diligently work
To achieve his deeply desired object of attainment? 

Generating Generating Six Types of Clairvoyance

Verse 16.  Without sentient beings, we cannot generate Love, Compassion, Joy, Equanimity & the Bliss of Meditative Absorption

Verse 17.  Without sentient beings of varied types, interests and past life imprints, we cannot develop the Perfection of Wisdom.

Verse 18.  Regard all beings as our Gurus as they are the cause for our Enlightenment

Questions & Answers

Download Audio for the Sixth class, Friday, November 10, 2017:

     Track 1 - How to Practicethe First-Third Paramitas of Method, verses 19-22:

  • Verse 19 - Don’t be frustrated by the Five Practices for taking all living beings as the Doorway to Great Bliss as these bring happiness in Samsara & lead to Full Enlightenment.
Vs. 19 - Thus, there will not be the slightest impatience with the difficulty of moving towards Deliberately taking living creatures to be the doorway to great bliss.

  • Verse 20 - Practicing the Perfection of Generosity:  As the Bodhisattva Liberating All, Buddha Gave Away Anything Requested by Anyone:
vs. 20 - WIth regard to the [correct] attitude:
Sentient beings are simply 'me'.
I will not strongly cling to material things
Neither at my spouse [and so forth].
 

  • Verse 21 - Practicing the Perfection of Morality.
vs. 21 - I admit to having harmed myself,
My parents, and also my
Children and spouses;
Whereas sentient beings should not be harmed. 

     Track 2 - Practice of the Fourth & Fifth Paramitas of Method, verses 23-24 - Without the Practice of the Perfections of Method per the Five Instructions of Nagarjuna's Dream Tale Full Enlightenment cannot be attained:


Friday, May 12, 2017

PRAMANA - TERM 6 - SPRING 2017 AUDIO & RESOURCES

      Special Announcement:  Classes have moved from the Main Prayer Hall of IBD.  They are held in a classroom in the IBD building located 
on the steep street from the Temple Taxi stand to Chonor House.  
As you walk up that street  from the Taxi stand, go up 
the first exterior metal stairs on your right.
Timing of the WEDNESDAY Class is from 4:00-6:00 p.m.  

Class Materials

Following His Holiness the Dalai Lama's advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the course text.

This SPRING 2017 Term continues the examination [begun in Class 22 of FALL 2016] of logical reasoning in support of & opposition to the verity of PAST & FUTURE LIVES that is presented in the Pramāņavarttika.

The entire text translated by Geshe Wangmo for prior terms with newly translated pages for this Spring term is posted below.  Geshe Wangmo is continue to prepare new pages of text that will be posted here when finalized.

DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS 


SPRING 2017 TEXT


NEW - May 12, 2017 - vs. 3 of Spring 2017 Text - includes 12 new pages [pp. 190-201].


SPRING 2017 TRANSCRIPTS:

 

Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) in Tibetan & English.

[NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not display properly.  However, those fonts do display properly in the Downloaded PDF.]
Geshe Wangmo spoke about the class prayers at the beginning of the Spring 2015 Term.  The links to the excerpted recordings of her explanation are here:

Background Resources from Earlier Terms

If you are new to the Pramanavarttika, the resources on this blog can provide background for the studies in this Sixth Term. The first section of the text provides a general introduction.  The Diagrams & Charts provided in the Fall 2014 Term, as well as other class recordings, transcripts or class descriptions provided on the posts listed below may be of use.

DOWNLOAD CHARTS & MP3 Recordings of Classes of the FIRST PRAMANA term held in Fall 2014 here.
  See blog posts for Class 1 & Class 2 for an Introduction to the Pramanavarttika

You can find some CLASS [DRAFT] TRANSCRIPTS & AUDIO RECORDINGS on this BLOG from all the earlier Terms: Fall 2014, Spring 2015, Fall 2015, Spring 2016 & Fall 2016. 

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of SPRING 2017 CLASSES

CLASS ONE - Monday, 10 APRIL 2017:

CLASS TWO - Wednesday, 12 APRIL 2017:

  •  Track 1.  Introduction to Course Text - Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika - a commentary on Dignaga's 2-line Homage for his Compendium of Pramana
To the one who has become pramana, the one wishing to benefit migrators
To “the teacher”, “the sugata”, “the protector”, I bow down. 
ཚད་མར་གྱུར་པ་འགྲོ་ལ་ཕན་བཞད་པ། །སྟོན་པ་བདེ་ཤེགས་སྐྱོབ་ལ་ཕྱག་འཚལ་ཏེ།

The homage refers to Five Factors, i.e., the Causes & Results of Enlightenment, and Dharmakirti analyzes those, first, according to their forward sequence, and then in reverse sequence.    

The prerequisite to the Cause of Intention (Bodhicitta - desire to benefit all sentient beings) is the generation, over many lifetimes, of Great Compassion.

Ancient Indian Materialist [Lokayata/Charvaka] Philosophers Objected to existence of Past & Futures Lives & to the possibility of generating Great Compassion.  Contemporary Materialism, which permeates modern society and education, similarly rejects the possibility of Past & Future Lives.  Buddhism requires the existence of past & future lives.  Even the law of Karma cannot operate otherwise.

In order to ascertain the existence of past & future lives, one must examine the relationship between the Mind and the Body:
  • What is the relationship between Mind & Body?  
  • Is the Mind or the Body a more important factor than the other?  
  • Does one give rise to the other?  Is one Part of the other?
Practice Mindfulness of one's own Body & Mind to investigate the Body/Mind relationship.
  • Track 2Discussion and Q&A - Relationship between Mind and Body. 

CLASS THREE - Friday, 14 APRIL 2017:

CLASS FOUR - Monday, 17 APRIL 2017:

CLASS FIVE - Wednesday, 19 APRIL 2017:

  • Track 1.  Introduction & Review:  
    • Hearing, Contemplating & Meditating. 
    • Discussions: Benefits of Watching Our Mind/Awareness; 
      • Body/Mind Relationship; 
      • Out-of-Body & Near Death Experiences. 
      • Is the Mind necessarily Located in the Body?
  • Track 2. Text: Body is Not the Special Base of the Mind:
    • Special Base is Either a Substantial Cause or a Special Cooperative Condition
    • Mind is a special base of the body, i.e., a special cooperative condition of the body. 
    • What about Karma Ripening Instantly?
    • Definitive & Interpretive Teachings.
    • Higher Rebirth, Liberation & Omniscience are only possible with Reincarnation.
    • Importance of certain varieties of Faith.
  • Track 3. Syllogism Through the Power of Fact: 
      • 3 Categories of Phenomena:  
        • Manifest, Slightly Hidden & Extremely Hidden. 
    • Very Hidden Phenomena:  Celestial, Hungry Ghost & Hell Realms of the Desire Realm & the Celestial Beings of the Form Realm.  
    • Hell Realms & the Lack of Any Objective Existence. 
    • Syllogism of Belief.  
    • Considerations for the Next Class

CLASS SIX - Friday, 21 APRIL 2017:

CLASS SEVEN - Monday, 24 APRIL 2017:

  • Track 1.   Q&A, Discussion - Karma

  • Track 2Questions for Study on p. 176 - Answers/Discussion:
    • How does the body serve as the mere base of the mind?
    • Why is it necessary to understand and realize Past & Future Lives in order to work for Liberation and Enlightenment?
    • Syllogism through the Power of Fact & Syllogism of Belief
    • Three Natures:  Hearer Nature, Solitary Realizer Nature & Mahayana Nature (awoken upon generating Great Compassion).  
      • Causes for Great Compassion & Causes for Bodhicitta

  • Track 3Presentation/Explanation of new text material (p. 176-7):

"Setting forth the Establishing Agent of the Existence of Past & Future Lives:
    (1) Setting forth the Reasons:    [Dharmakirti says in the Pramanavarttika:]

When one has thoroughly taken birth,
Inhalations, exhalations, sense powers, and awarenesses
Do [not] exist independently of similar types.

"Regarding the subject, a newly-born ordinary being’s exhalations and inhalations, [his] lucid sense powers and specific awarenesses such as distractedness, etc., they do not – when [that being] has fully taken birth – exist independently of earlier [continuums] of similar types, because of possessing exhalations and inhalations, and so forth." - 1st Syllogism
  • Three Syllogisms to Establish Continuum of Consciousness
  • Explanation of Syllogisms 
  • [Homework - be Mindful of Anger]
  • Exhalation & Inhalation - Energy Winds

CLASS EIGHT - Wednesday, 26 APRIL 2017:

  •  TRANSCRIPT - Rev. 6/25/17 corrects PDF Mis-Print

  • Track 1.  Review:  Mindfulness of Body, Mind, Feelings & Dharma.
    • Approaches to Studying Our Text
  • Track 2.  Three Syllogisms - Establishing Continuum of Consciousness:
    •  Earlier Continuum of a Similar Type - the Substantial Cause of later continuum. 
      • Is whatever is an earlier continuum of something always its cause? 
    • Lucid Sense Powers. 
    • Specific Awareness, e.g., Distractedness.
    • Newly Born Conception. 
      • Respiration & Sense Powers in Newly Born Conception.
    • Clear Light Mind & Post-Death Meditation
  • Track 3Subtle Mind [Clear & Knowing] is One Entity with Its Subtle Energy [Movement]
    • Phenomena Can be Different & Inseparably of One Nature, e.g., 
      •  Consciousness & Its Energy Wind
      •  Color & Taste of Blueberry Cake

CLASS NINE - Friday, 28 APRIL 2017:

  • Track 1Analysis of Emptiness & Continua
    • A Seed & Sprout are a Continuum
    • If there is No Smallest Moment of Time, What is the Last Moment of burning Butter Lamp?
    • Lack of Intrinsically Existent First Moment of Sprout Germination
    • Relative & Ultimate Analysis
      • SPACE - Permanent & Impermanent Space
      • Negative Phenomena
    • If First Moment of Consciousness in the Continuum of a Newly Conceived Person is Not from Physical Ovum & Sperm, does it come:
      • From the Parents’ Awarenesses?  
      • As Part of Matter?  
      • From a Single/Divine/Group Origin?
  • Track 2Positive & Negative Concomitance
    • Presentation of Gyaltsab Je Commentary, p. 178: 
      "It is through the ascertainment of positive and negative concomitance that it is established that the distractedness, etc., of awareness is generated by familiarity with its cause. Were that not to be the case, there would be a logical absurdity: it would follow that there are no causes and results, because there would be no pramana that ascertains them."
    • Positive Concomitance:   positive relationship between a cause and a result:
      • When you have a result, there must have been a cause.
      • When you have a cause, the result can be created.
    • Negative  Concomitance:   negative relationship between a cause and a result:
      • When you don’t have the result, you didn’t have the cause
      • When there’s no cause, the result cannot be generated.
    • Also:
      • Whenever you have a cause, you don’t necessarily have a result.
      • Any result always has more than one cause:
        • You cannot have a result that has not arisen from many causes.
      • You cannot have a cause that gives rise to only one result
    • Imprints, Potentials, Seeds & Karmic Imprints
    • Habituating Ourselves with the Afflictions
      • Our responsibility to be happier for the sake of others.
      • Positive Counterpart Exists for Every Negative Emotional Affliction.
  • Track 3. Establishing that Familiarity with Afflictive Mental States requires Causes (past Habituation in a Former Mental Continuum).
    • Then Dharmakirt says [p. 179]"They are not generated by the body alone,"
    • Gyaltsab Je's commentary:  “Also, regarding that subject, they are not generated by the elemental body alone, because they are generated by an earlier [continuum of] an awareness, etc., that is of a similar type.”
    • Respiration - Mental Effort is Required

CLASS TEN - Monday, 1 MAY 2017:

CLASS ELEVEN - Wednesday, 3 MAY 2017:
  • Track 1.  Review & Discussion:  Feasibility of Rebirth in Lower Realms:
    • Concerns, Worries & Fears about future lower rebirth.  Intention/Motivation of Karma (i.e., Action) Effects Karmic fruit.  Rebirth by a Human into a Lower Realm. How can Carnivore Animals ever attain Human rebirth? Purification of Karmic consequences of negative deeds.
  • Track 2.  Having “proven” existence of Past Lives, Dharmakirti debates with Materialists re Existence of Future Lives:
    • Can Matter [atoms of ovum & sperm] produce Consciousness (Experiencing Minds)
    • Taking Reincarnation as a Working Hypothesis, Supplement Reasoning with Evidence & Personal Investigation
    • Relationship of Mind & Body - Placebo & Nocebo evidence power of Consciousness over matter.

CLASS TWELVE - Friday, 5 MAY 2017:

  • Track 1. Causes & Conditions necessary for rebirth
    • Responses to Doubts about one Syllogistic Reasoning supporting Reincarnation: 'Mind of a Newly Born [i.e.., Conceived] Being, Its Cause is a Preceding Mind Because it was Preceded by a Knower that is its cause, because it is a Knower';
    • Syllogism’s Reasoning; Every Impermanent Phenomenon Is a Continuum.  
    • Can the Law of Karma Provides the Causal Explanation to “Nurture or Nature” Dilemma?
  • Track 2.  Any Mind Is Necessarily Preceded by Its Substantial Cause, a Former Moment Of Awareness.  
    • Every Impermanent Phenomenon Is a Continuum.  
    • How to Establish Pervasion of a Syllogism.  
    • Death & Rebirth in Human & Animal Realms per Buddhism & Expression of Prior Life Traits.

CLASS THIRTEEN - Monday, 8 MAY 2017:

CLASS FOURTEEN - Wednesday, 10 MAY 2017:



           If you wish to download a Class Recording within 24-48 hours* of 
the class, before it is posted above due to some delay here
 you can request a recording from one of our 
student's DROPBOX account.  
Please send your request to gilahp@yahoo.com.
You will receive a DROPBOX link to download the recording.  
*Due to DROPBOX space constraints, a class recording is available 
for only a limited time period.

If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.

Sunday, March 26, 2017

PRAMANA - TERM 6 - SPRING 2017 ANNOUNCEMENT

The 6th term of the study of the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་) in the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical Studies (IBD) continues the study of the logical reasoning for Past & Future Lives.  This presentation of the continuity of consciousness, reincarnation, began in the 5th Term, Fall 2016, in Classes 22-25.

Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika is highly valued and is studied in the Geshe curriculum.  The Second Chapter examines whether or not Buddhist Enlightenment is feasible or even possible -- issues that must be personally resolved by those considering the Bodhisattva path.  Therefore, in May 2015, H.H. Dalai Lama suggested that our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo teach the Second Chapter and place the multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) on hiatus until completion of the Second Chapter of Pramāņavarttika.

  Spring 2017 Term

The Institute of Buddhist Dialectics (IBD)

McLeod Ganj near the Main Temple Complex

Advanced Buddhist Philosophy Course

Chapter Two of Dharmakirti’s - Commentary [on 

Dignaga's Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Pramanavarttika)

Monday, 10 APRIL – Friday, 9 JUNE 2017

Teacher: Ven. Kelsang Wangmo
Weekly Schedule:  Monday, Wednesday & Friday
4:00-6:00 PM – Mon & Fri / 4:00-5:30 PM – Wed
Fee:  350 Rupees per month
(All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)

      Special Announcement:  Classes have moved from the Main Prayer Hall of IBD.  They are held in a classroom up exterior stairs in the IBD building located on the steep street from the Temple Taxi stand to Chonor House, Kirti Monastery, Thar-do-Ling.  


Course Topics: This Spring 2017 term continues the study of the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  The main topic of this term is reincarnation - which was introduced in Classes 22-25 of the Fall 2016 Term 5.

Course Text & Methodology:  The text is prepared by Ven. Wangmo from her translations of Dharmakirti's text along with a commentary by Gyaltsab Je and oral commentaries by contemporary masters.  Handouts of the text will be distributed to the class throughout the term.

Course Teacher:  Ven. Kelsang Wanmo (a Western nun) was awarded a Geshe degree upon her successful completion of the 17-year curriculum.

Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to attend before you enroll.  If you are unable to attend the entire course in person, you may be able to continue by following the classes online.



Monday, October 10, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 5 - FALL 2016 RESOURCES - ALL AUDIO

Class Materials

Following His Holiness the Dalai Lama's advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the course text.

The first half of the complete text for this Fall term is posted below.  The remainder of the text needs further editorial review, etc., and will be posted here when finalized.

DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS 


PART 1 -  FALL 2016 TEXT


Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) in Tibetan & English.
[NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not display properly.  However, those fonts do display properly in the Downloaded PDF.]
Geshe Wangmo spoke about the class prayers at the beginning of the Spring 2015 Term.  The links to the excerpted recordings of her explanation are here:

If you are new to the Pramanavarttika, the resources on this blog can provide background for the studies in this Fifth Term. The first section of the text provides a general introduction.  The Diagrams & Charts provided in the Fall 2014 Term, as well as other class recordings, transcripts or class descriptions provided on the posts listed below hopefully may be of use.

DOWNLOAD CHARTS & MP3 Recordings of Classes of the Fall 2014 Term here.
  See blog posts for Class 1 & Class 2 for an Introduction to the Pramanavarttika

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of Classes for the Spring 2015 Term here.

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of the first 15 Classes of the Spring 2016 Term here.


DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of FALL 2016 CLASSES


CLASS ONE - Monday, 19 SEPT 2016:

CLASS TWO - Wednesday, SEPT. 21, 2016:

CLASS THREE - Friday, SEPT. 22, 2016

  • Track 1[Text, p. 157] 
    • Demonstrating that [Ishvara] Being the Creator of Everything is Negated by Pramana.  Presentation & discussion of commentary by contemporary master. 
    • It is not Correct that Permanent [Ishvara] is a Cause.  Presentation & discussion of commentary by Gyaltsab Je.
    • Topics presented and discussed include:
      • Continua; How do phenomena exist?  
      • How can phenomena made of infinitely divisible parts that are changing in infinitely incremental time be posited?
  • Track 2 - Cause & Effect.
    • Presentation & discussion of Dharmakirti’s verse:
Just as the entity [of Ishvara] is a cause
At that time he is a non-cause, [It is not feasible 
that] at the very [time] he is, owing to whatever [reason], accepted
  To be a cause
, [he] not [be] accepted to be a non-cause.
    • Q&A

CLASS FOUR - Monday, SEPT. 26, 2016 - NOTE:  Tracks posted 3/22/2017

Rough DRAFT TRANSCRIPT of Class Four DOWNLOAD.
  • Track 1 -  Review:  Impermanence inseparable from Cause & Effect; Q&A

  • Track 2 - Buddhist scriptural presentation Refuting Permanent-Omnipotent Creator:  Ishvara cannot be both the Cause & Non-Cause of Rice in a Paddy.

CLASS FIVE - Tuesday, SEPT. 28, 2016 - NOTE:  Track #1 posted 3/22/2017

  • Track 1 - Innate Grasping at Permanence Leads to Our Problems:

    • Understanding Reasonings Why a Permanent Creator Cannot Exist Undermines our Misperceptions of Permanence In transient phenomena 
    • Can a Permanent Ishvara Be the Cause & Non-Cause of Rice?
    • A Cause of a Thing Must Hold the Potential to Produce that Thing
    • Many Syllogisms & Absurd Consequences of Faulty Thinking are required in order to Change Innate Misperceptions
    • Being Of One Nature But Different Isolates
    • All Our Experience/Perceptions Depend on Two Types of Minds
    • The Imputed Is Different from & of One Nature with its Basis of Designation — e.g., Self Is of One Nature with Body-Mind & Self Is Not the Body &/or Mind
      • Synonymous Phenomena
      • Parts & Their Part-Possessor
      • Generalities & Instances
      • Applying Those Three Relations to Phenomena:
        • Merely Imputed Phenomena Exist
  • Track 2 - Text: pp.140-142:

    • We Create Our Own Reality with our Conceptual Minds
    • Pervasion & No Pervasion - Correct & Faulty Logical Reasoning
    • Syllogism Structure & Function:   
      • A is B because it is C
        •  Positive & Negative Concomitance
        •  Causes as ‘Assistants’
        •  Backwards Causes & Effects
    • Repetition in Dharma Practice

CLASS SIX - Friday, SEPT. 30, 2016

 

No Classes were held during H.H. Dalai Lama Teachings, October 3-5.


CLASS SEVEN - Friday, OCT 7, 2016 - Review and Q&A of H.H. Dalai Lama Teachings.  [Recording will be Uploaded when it is available]

CLASS EIGHT - Monday, OCT. 10, 2016 - NOTE:  Tracks posted 3/24/2017

Rough DRAFT TRANSCRIPT of CLASS EIGHT DOWNLOAD.
  • Track 1 -  Review.
  • Track 2 -  Continue text, p. 143: How a Consciousness is Generated. Direct & Indirect Causes of Results.
  • Track 3 - Assertion re Three Conditions (རྐྱེན་གསུམ་ - rkyen gsum) Necessary for any Sense Consciousness to Arise:
    • observed object condition (དམིགས་རྐྱེན་ - dmigs rkyen)  
    • empowering condition (བདག་རྐྱེན་ -  bdag rkyen) 
    • immediately preceding condition (དེ་མ་ཐག་རྐྱེན་ - de ma thag rkyen)  
CLASS NINE - Wednesday, OCT. 12, 2016 - NOTE:  Tracks posted 3/30/2017
Rough DRAFT TRANSCRIPT of CLASS NINE DOWNLOAD.
  • Track 1 -  Review:  How does Consciousness Arise?  What cause must always be present?  Dependence & Causation & Imputation.
  • Track 2 -  Q&A.  Disposing [of the Idea that our Objections Apply] Equally to Us  - Section of text completed - pp. 145-6.
CLASS TEN - Friday, OCT. 14, 2016.
  • 1 Track -  Review: p. 147 - Questions for Study.  cont. text:
    • "Establishing that the One Who Directly Cognizes the Mode of Existence, the Way They Abide, of All [Objects of Knowledge} Is an Omniscient One".
      • "Refuting [the Idea that Ishvara] who Knows How to Make All Objects of Knowledge Is an Omniscient One."
CLASS ELEVEN - Monday, OCT. 17, 2016.
  • Track 1 - Responses to Questions regarding relationships between the Three Conditions required for direct perception {Observed object condition, empowering [sense power] condition & immediately Three Conditions/Factors of causation.
  • Track 2 - Q&A
  • Track 3 - Responding to Challenge that if a creator god is untenable, so is an Omniscient Buddha.  
    • Why Buddhists contest the reasoning, “because it says so in scripture” & rely on logical proofs for assertions.  
    • Why “because it says so in scripture” cannot be a valid reason for asserting  Buddha is Omniscient.
CLASS TWELVE - Wednesday, OCT. 19, 2016.

CLASS THIRTEEN - Friday, OCT. 21, 2016.
  • 1 Track.  Meaning of “Omniscience”. 
    • Opponent: If Buddhahood were possible, you couldn’t realize that Omniscient mind exists unless you are already a Buddha.  
    • Buddhist response to Debate re Omniscience.

CLASS FOURTEEN - Monday, OCT. 19, 2016.

CLASS FIFTEEN - Thursday, OCT. 27, 2016.

CLASS SIXTEEN - Friday, OCT. 28, 2016.

CLASS SEVENTEEN - Monday, OCT 31, 2016.

CLASS EIGHTEEN - Wednesday, NOV. 2, 2016.

CLASS NINETEEN - Thursday, NOV. 4, 2016.

CLASS TWENTY - Monday. NOV. 7, 2016.

CLASS TWENTY-ONE - Wednesday. NOV. 9, 2016.

CLASS TWENTY-TWO - Friday, NOV. 11, 2016.

CLASS TWENTY-THREE - Monday, NOV. 14, 2016.
  • 1 TrackPast & Future Lives / Reincarnation

CLASS TWENTY-FOUR - Wednesday, NOV. 16, 2016.
  • 1 TrackPast & Future Lives / Reincarnation

CLASS TWENTY-FIVE - Friday, NOV. 18, 2016.



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Friday, September 09, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 5 - FALL 2016 ANNOUNCEMENT

In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies [in Fall 2014] began offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).

The multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) that began several years ago is on hiatus and will resume upon completion of this course.

  FALL 2016 Term

The Institute of Buddhist Dialectics (IBD)

McLeod Ganj near the Main Temple Complex

Advanced Buddhist Philosophy Course

Chapter Two of Dharmakirti’s - Commentary [on 

Dignaga's Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Pramanavarttika)

Monday, 19 SEPTEMBER – Friday, 18 NOVEMBER 2016

Teacher: Ven. Kelsang Wangmo
Weekly Schedule:  Monday, Wednesday & Friday
4:00-6:00 PM – Mon & Fri / 4:00-5:30 PM – Wed
Location:  IBD Prayer Hall - Main Temple Complex
[Go through Main Temple Gate/Upstairs on right]
Fee:  350 Rupees per month
(All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)


Course Topics One of the main topics of this term is the reasoning proofs for Past & Future Lives presented in the Second Chapter of the Commentary on [Dignaga’s Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Pramanavarttika) by Dharmakirti.  The topics from Chapter Two that were covered during the prior four terms [Fall 2014 thru Spring 2016] will be briefly reviewed.

Course Text & Methodology:  The text for this Fall term has not been completed.  It will be distributed in class and posted here.

The Text handouts are translated from Tibetan by Ven. Wangmo and serve as the text for every class.  This text includes a translation of the commentary on Dharmakirti’s Second Chapter by Gyaltsab Je (a chief disciple of Je Tsongkhapa), Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, which embeds the Pramanavarttika in its commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo translates relevant commentaries by contemporary masters which follow each passage from Gyaltsab Je.

Using the curriculum of the great Tibetan monastic universities that is taught at IBD, this advanced philosophy course presents Dharmakirti’s logical proofs of the validity of the basis, path and fruit of liberation and omniscient enlightenment.  Students will have opportunities to discuss and debate the subject matter in class.

Course Teacher:  Ven. Kelsang Wangmo (a Western nun) was awarded a Geshe degree from IBD for successful completion of the 17-year curriculum studies.

Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to visit before you enroll.  Should you be unable to attend the entire Fall 2015 course, you may be able to continue by downloading audio files of the classes depending upon the frailties of the Blogger:  ibd-buddhist.blogspot.com.

Monday, May 23, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 4 - Spring 2016 Recordings & Resources

Class Materials

Following H.H. the Dalai Lama's advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the course text.

The complete text for this Spring Term is included in the Fall 2016 TEXT - PART 1.  Due to Technical Difficulties the text used during this Spring term is not posted yet. There may be some inconvenience imposed on those who listen to the MP3s posted here while reading the Fall 2016 Text - Part 1 on those occasions when the page numbering has slight variation or further editing is included.  It should be kept in mind, that the entire text is subject to further editorial review and change - since this text is a Work-in-Progress.

DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS 


Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) in Tibetan & English.  [See Class One, below, for more information about the Class PRAYERS.]
[NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not display properly.  However, those fonts do display properly in the Downloaded PDF.]

DOWNLOAD PDFs & MP3 Recordings from Earlier Terms


DOWNLOAD Diagrams & Charts; Class Notes & MP3 Recordings of Fall 2014 Term here.
  See blog posts for Class 1 & Class 2 for an Introduction to the Pramanavarttika

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of 23 Classes [with brief description of material covered in each class] for the Spring 2015 Term from this Blog Post.

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of the first 15 Classes of the Spring 2016 Term here.

DOWNLOAD Spring 2016 CLASS NOTES

The Text discussed in each Class appears either in the Body of the transcript,
when Geshe-la reads it out loud, or in Footnotes to her discussion.


DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of SPRING 2016 CLASSES


CLASS ONE - Monday, APRIL 18, 2016 - Introductory Review:

  • Geshe Wangmo spoke about the class prayers at the beginning of the Spring 2015 Term.
 The links to the excerpted recordings of her explanation:


  • Explanation of Prayers before Teaching 
  • Recitation (in Tibetan) of Prayers before Teaching 
  • Dedication Prayers (Explanation & Recitation)
  • CLASS TWO - Wednesday, APRIL 20, 2016

    CLASS THREE - Friday, APRIL 22, 2016

    • Track 1 - Are Environmental-External Phenomena Truths of Suffering & In the Nature of Suffering - Discussion/debate:  Eight Worldly Concerns; Why are Non-Sentient Phenomena in the nature of suffering? Are Buddhas? Bodies Truths of Suffering? Afflictions & Suffering.  Root of Suffering & Four Attributes of Truth of Suffering.  
      • REVIEW - Buddhist Views regarding a Creator God; One is One?s Own Protector; Enemy & Witness; Can God be Permanent or Self-Arisen?  Meaning of "Being Self-Arisen.
    • Track 2 - Can a Creator God be Permanent?
      • A God that is Permanent could not perceive things.
      • What if God is Permanent but God?s Mind is Impermanent.
      • Collective Karma & Creation of the Environmental Universe
    • Track 3 - Refuting [the Idea that a Creator God] is:
      •  Permanent:  Our consciousness defines us.
      • Impermanent
      • Self-Arisen.

    CLASS FOUR - Monday, APRIL 25, 2016: 

    CLASS FIVE - Wednesday, APRIL 27, 2016:

    CLASS SIX - Friday, APRIL 29, 2016:

    CLASS SEVEN - Monday, MAY 2, 2016:

    CLASS EIGHT - Wednesday, MAY 4, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Permanence
    • Track 2 - "Alternatively, it leaves doubt".  Alternatively, if [the opponent’s syllogisms] were merely to establish that [abodes, bodies, and enjoyments] are preceded by another creator, it would follow that the pervasion was not ascertained, because since God would not be ascertained, the pervasion would leave doubt."

    CLASS NINE - Friday, MAY 6, 2016:

    • Track 1.
    • Track 2:  Was God created by himself (his own awareness) or by someone else? Distinguishing Causes. Direct and Indirect Causes, Substantial Causes, Cooperative conditions. Q&A/Discussion.  'One with the Guru' - Will we 'all become One'?
    Announcement:   Class Schedule Changes.  
    In order accommodate those who wish to attend teachings by Mingyur Rinpoche at:
    Tushita on May 11 and at Sherab Ling Friday:
    Wednesday - May 11 - Class 11:  TIME is changed to 2:00-3:30 PM.
    Friday - May 13 - Class 12: Topic - Review, Discussion/Debate & Q&A; 
    No new text material will be introduced.  
    Monday - May 16 - Class 13 DATE is CHANGED.  Class 13 will be held on Tuesday, May 17.

    CLASS TEN - Monday, MAY 9, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Introductory Pep Talk for New Topic:  Our self-grasping is contradictory, creates difficulties. The logical reasoning of Syllogisms focuses on revealing Contradictions.  Having concluded its analysis of the predicate, Gyaltsab Je's text introduces something new.
      • What makes a Syllogism Incorrect? <p. 103> "Unless one analyzes the predicate, it is impossible to apply the fault of being all three types of wrong syllogism simultaneously to one syllogism."
      • Three types of Wrong Syllogism:  Syllogisms of: (1) Contradiction, (2) Non-Establishment & (3) Non-Ascertainment are logically faulty as they do not satisfy the three modes of a correct syllogism.
    • Track 2 -Presentation of Three Modes of a Correct Syllogism (as background for understanding Wrong Syllogisms): 
      • Forward Pervasions; Counter Pervasions; Reverse Pervasions; Property of the Subject; and Illustrations/Basis, Relationships.
    • Background for understanding Relationship between the Predicate and the Reason/Sign
      • Correct Sign pervades the Predicate (whatever is the Reason is necessarily the Predicate); and 
      • it is always in relation to a person who realizes that pervasion in connection with a basis [example, illustration] (e.g., to understand the pervasion, ‘whatever is product is necessarily impermanent’, an illustration/basis is necessary for understanding.
    • Wrong Syllogisms of Non-Establishment [for the Respondent] - do not satisfy the first mode of a correct syllogism, i.e., the property of the subject, since the respondent realizes the thesis before the syllogism is posited; e.g., when the predicate and the reason are the same.
    • Q&A
    • Syllogisms of Contradiction [for the Respondent who believes a contradictory thesis].  Whatever satisfies the reason of the syllogism necessarily contradicts the predicate because whatever satisfies the reason necessarily does not satisfy the predicate.
    • Two main ways the Pervasion of a syllogism is Flawed 
      • Whatever satisfies the reason does not necessarily satisfy the predicate [e.g., whoever is a human being is not necessarily a man; not necessarily not a man; and not necessarily a woman]; or 
      • Whatever satisfies the reason necessarily does not satisfy the predicate[E.g., whoever is a woman is necessarily not a man; whatever is a table is necessarily not a person], i.e., things that are totally contradictory so there is nothing that is both.

    CLASS ELEVEN - Wednesday, MAY 11, 2016:

    CLASS TWELVE - Friday, MAY 13, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Question & Answer, Review, Discussion

    CLASS THIRTEEN - Tuesday, MAY 17, 2016:

    • Track 1 -  Review:  Predicates given in 3 Syllogisms supporting Creating God IIshvara.  
      • 3-part Reason one Syllogism gives in support of Ishvara.  Continue examining one of the three reasons for why the environment, etc., is created by god:  
        • "the environment (1) performs certain actions; (2) has specific shape; (3) performs function, i.e., produces certain results."
    • Track 2 - Continue Examining fallacies of 2d Reason, Having a Specific Shape.

    CLASS FOURTEEN - Wednesday, MAY 18, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Review/Summary of material presented in Class 13.  Q/A “If I hate or love one person, it is wrong . . .”
    • Track 2 - Presentation of: <p. 108> ”Determined by the presence or absence of blessings .  . . established the way a shape, etc., that which is inferred from that is reasonable" <p. 110> Explanation of logical absurdity of syllogism’s illustration - cause of a vase, a potter; causes of the environment, karma of beings.  The shape can be applied in both cases, just being similar and not different, it is not reasonable to infer from this the creation by God, like fire from a grey substance." . . . an example of non-ascertainment.  
      • Q&A
      • Announcement  
        • WEDNESDAY [May 25] class is MOVED to TUESDAY [MAY 24]; i.e., classes will be held on Monday, Tuesday & Friday.  Geshe Wangmo will be interpreting at Tushita for Yangten Rinpoche, who will lead an all day Chenrezig Retreat (5:00 AM - 5:00 PM) on May 25th.  If you wish to attend the Retreat, contact Tushita & go to Toshiba web here: Retreat Details

    CLASS FIFTEEN - Friday, MAY 20, 2016:

    • 1 Track - Review:  
      • Announce & Explain:  Change in text translationIshvara will henceforth replace "Creator God".
      • Review. Q&A.
    • 2 Track -  re Syllogism Reasons of "specific shape” & of "mere shape".
      • "Rebounding Argument".
      • Q&A.
      • <p. 113> Presentation.
      •  General Q&A.

    CLASS SIXTEEN - Monday, MAY 23, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Review: Rebounding Argument.  ‘Rebounding Argument” translates the meaning of the Tibetan term, the literal translation into English of which is:  “Flawed Refutation of the Same Result”.
      • Examine incorrect syllogisms in order to understand what a correct syllogism is.  
      • Eliminate [the objection of a] Rebounding Argument.
      • Three types of non-Buddhist Indian philosophers who revered Ishvara as creator God:  Samkhyas, Vaisheshikas and the Naiyayikas.  
      • Examine how a Samkhya argument (the result of something must exist at the time of the cause) reflects our own innate misunderstanding of the relationship between current behavior and future results.
    • Track 2 - Analyze the “Akshipada" follower’s argument that the Naiyayika reason “arisen through effort” is a Flawed Refutation/Rebounding Argument.
    CLASSES SEVENTEEN [Tuesday, MAY 24, 2016] thru 
    TWENTY-THREE [Wednesday, JUNE 8, 2016]
    remain to be posted.


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