Monday, October 10, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 5 - FALL 2016 RESOURCES

Class Materials

Following His Holiness the Dalai Lama's advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the course text.

The first half of the complete text for this Fall term is posted below.  The remainder of the text needs further editorial review, etc., and will be posted here when finalized.

DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS 


PART 1 -  FALL 2016 TEXT


Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) in Tibetan & English.
[NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not display properly.  However, those fonts do display properly in the Downloaded PDF.]
Geshe Wangmo spoke about the class prayers at the beginning of the Spring 2015 Term.  The links to the excerpted recordings of her explanation are here:

If you are new to the Pramanavarttika, the resources on this blog can provide background for the studies in this Fifth Term. The first section of the text provides a general introduction.  The Diagrams & Charts provided in the Fall 2014 Term, as well as other class recordings, transcripts or class descriptions provided on the posts listed below hopefully may be of use.

DOWNLOAD CHARTS & MP3 Recordings of Classes of the Fall 2014 Term here.
  See blog posts for Class 1 & Class 2 for an Introduction to the Pramanavarttika

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of Classes for the Spring 2015 Term here.

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of the first 15 Classes of the Spring 2016 Term here.


DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of FALL 2016 CLASSES


CLASS ONE - Monday, 19 SEPT 2016:

CLASS TWO - Wednesday, SEPT. 21, 2016:

CLASS THREE - Friday, SEPT. 22, 2016

  • Track 1[Text, p. 157] 
    • Demonstrating that [Ishvara] Being the Creator of Everything is Negated by Pramana.  Presentation & discussion of commentary by contemporary master. 
    • It is not Correct that Permanent [Ishvara] is a Cause.  Presentation & discussion of commentary by Gyaltsab Je.
    • Topics presented and discussed include:
      • Continua; How do phenomena exist?  
      • How can phenomena made of infinitely divisible parts that are changing in infinitely incremental time be posited?
  • Track 2 - Cause & Effect.
    • Presentation & discussion of Dharmakirti’s verse:
Just as the entity [of Ishvara] is a cause
At that time he is a non-cause, [It is not feasible 
that] at the very [time] he is, owing to whatever [reason], accepted
  To be a cause
, [he] not [be] accepted to be a non-cause.
    • Q&A

CLASS FOUR - Monday, SEPT. 26, 2016

  • Track 1 -

CLASS FIVE - Tuesday, SEPT. 28, 2016

  • Track 1 - Innate Grasping at Permanence Leads to Our Problems:

    • Understanding Reasonings Why a Permanent Creator Cannot Exist Undermines our Misperceptions of Permanence In transient phenomena 
    • Can a Permanent Ishvara Be the Cause & Non-Cause of Rice?
    • A Cause of a Thing Must Hold the Potential to Produce that Thing
    • Many Syllogisms & Absurd Consequences of Faulty Thinking are required in order to Change Innate Misperceptions
    • Being Of One Nature But Different Isolates
    • All Our Experience/Perceptions Depend on Two Types of Minds
    • The Imputed Is Different from & of One Nature with its Basis of Designation — e.g., Self Is of One Nature with Body-Mind & Self Is Not the Body &/or Mind
      • Synonymous Phenomena
      • Parts & Their Part-Possessor
      • Generalities & Instances
      • Applying Those Three Relations to Phenomena:
        • Merely Imputed Phenomena Exist
  • Track 2 - Text: pp.140-142:

    • We Create Our Own Reality with our Conceptual Minds
    • Pervasion & No Pervasion - Correct & Faulty Logical Reasoning
    • Syllogism Structure & Function:   
      • A is B because it is C
        •  Positive & Negative Concomitance
        •  Causes as ‘Assistants’
        •  Backwards Causes & Effects
    • Repetition in Dharma Practice

CLASS SIX - Friday, SEPT. 30, 2016

No Classes were held during H.H. Dalai Lama Teachings, October 3-5.

CLASS SEVEN - Friday, OCT 7, 2016 - Review and Q&A of H.H. Dalai Lama Teachings.  [Recording will be Uploaded when it is available]





If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail.

Friday, September 09, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 5 - FALL 2016 ANNOUNCEMENT

In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies [in Fall 2014] began offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).

The multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) that began several years ago is on hiatus and will resume upon completion of this course.

  FALL 2016 Term

The Institute of Buddhist Dialectics (IBD)

McLeod Ganj near the Main Temple Complex

Advanced Buddhist Philosophy Course

Chapter Two of Dharmakirti’s - Commentary [on 

Dignaga's Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Pramanavarttika)

Monday, 19 SEPTEMBER – Friday, 18 NOVEMBER 2016

Teacher: Ven. Kelsang Wangmo
Weekly Schedule:  Monday, Wednesday & Friday
4:00-6:00 PM – Mon & Fri / 4:00-5:30 PM – Wed
Location:  IBD Prayer Hall - Main Temple Complex
[Go through Main Temple Gate/Upstairs on right]
Fee:  350 Rupees per month
(All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)


Course Topics One of the main topics of this term is the reasoning proofs for Past & Future Lives presented in the Second Chapter of the Commentary on [Dignaga’s Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Pramanavarttika) by Dharmakirti.  The topics from Chapter Two that were covered during the prior four terms [Fall 2014 thru Spring 2016] will be briefly reviewed.

Course Text & Methodology:  The text for this Fall term has not been completed.  It will be distributed in class and posted here.

The Text handouts are translated from Tibetan by Ven. Wangmo and serve as the text for every class.  This text includes a translation of the commentary on Dharmakirti’s Second Chapter by Gyaltsab Je (a chief disciple of Je Tsongkhapa), Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, which embeds the Pramanavarttika in its commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo translates relevant commentaries by contemporary masters which follow each passage from Gyaltsab Je.

Using the curriculum of the great Tibetan monastic universities that is taught at IBD, this advanced philosophy course presents Dharmakirti’s logical proofs of the validity of the basis, path and fruit of liberation and omniscient enlightenment.  Students will have opportunities to discuss and debate the subject matter in class.

Course Teacher:  Ven. Kelsang Wangmo (a Western nun) was awarded a Geshe degree from IBD for successful completion of the 17-year curriculum studies.

Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to visit before you enroll.  Should you be unable to attend the entire Fall 2015 course, you may be able to continue by downloading audio files of the classes depending upon the frailties of the Blogger:  ibd-buddhist.blogspot.com.

Monday, May 23, 2016

PRAMANA - TERM 4 - Spring 2016 Recordings & Resources

Class Materials

Following H.H. the Dalai Lama's advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the course text.

The complete text for this Spring Term is included in the Fall 2016 TEXT - PART 1.  Due to Technical Difficulties the text used during this Spring term is not posted yet. There may be some inconvenience imposed on those who listen to the MP3s posted here while reading the Fall 2016 Text - Part 1 on those occasions when the page numbering has slight variation or further editing is included.  It should be kept in mind, that the entire text is subject to further editorial review and change - since this text is a Work-in-Progress.

DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS 


Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) in Tibetan & English.  [See Class One, below, for more information about the Class PRAYERS.]
[NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not display properly.  However, those fonts do display properly in the Downloaded PDF.]

DOWNLOAD PDFs & MP3 Recordings from Earlier Terms


DOWNLOAD Diagrams & Charts; Class Notes & MP3 Recordings of Fall 2014 Term here.
  See blog posts for Class 1 & Class 2 for an Introduction to the Pramanavarttika

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of 23 Classes [with brief description of material covered in each class] for the Spring 2015 Term from this Blog Post.

DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of the first 15 Classes of the Spring 2016 Term here.

DOWNLOAD Spring 2016 CLASS NOTES

The Text discussed in each Class appears either in the Body of the transcript,
when Geshe-la reads it out loud, or in Footnotes to her discussion.


DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of SPRING 2016 CLASSES


CLASS ONE - Monday, APRIL 18, 2016 - Introductory Review:

  • Geshe Wangmo spoke about the class prayers at the beginning of the Spring 2015 Term.
 The links to the excerpted recordings of her explanation:


  • Explanation of Prayers before Teaching 
  • Recitation (in Tibetan) of Prayers before Teaching 
  • Dedication Prayers (Explanation & Recitation)
  • CLASS TWO - Wednesday, APRIL 20, 2016

    CLASS THREE - Friday, APRIL 22, 2016

    • Track 1 - Are Environmental-External Phenomena Truths of Suffering & In the Nature of Suffering - Discussion/debate:  Eight Worldly Concerns; Why are Non-Sentient Phenomena in the nature of suffering? Are Buddhas? Bodies Truths of Suffering? Afflictions & Suffering.  Root of Suffering & Four Attributes of Truth of Suffering.  
      • REVIEW - Buddhist Views regarding a Creator God; One is One?s Own Protector; Enemy & Witness; Can God be Permanent or Self-Arisen?  Meaning of "Being Self-Arisen.
    • Track 2 - Can a Creator God be Permanent?
      • A God that is Permanent could not perceive things.
      • What if God is Permanent but God?s Mind is Impermanent.
      • Collective Karma & Creation of the Environmental Universe
    • Track 3 - Refuting [the Idea that a Creator God] is:
      •  Permanent:  Our consciousness defines us.
      • Impermanent
      • Self-Arisen.

    CLASS FOUR - Monday, APRIL 25, 2016: 

    CLASS FIVE - Wednesday, APRIL 27, 2016:

    CLASS SIX - Friday, APRIL 29, 2016:

    CLASS SEVEN - Monday, MAY 2, 2016:

    CLASS EIGHT - Wednesday, MAY 4, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Permanence
    • Track 2 - "Alternatively, it leaves doubt".  Alternatively, if [the opponent’s syllogisms] were merely to establish that [abodes, bodies, and enjoyments] are preceded by another creator, it would follow that the pervasion was not ascertained, because since God would not be ascertained, the pervasion would leave doubt."

    CLASS NINE - Friday, MAY 6, 2016:

    • Track 1.
    • Track 2:  Was God created by himself (his own awareness) or by someone else? Distinguishing Causes. Direct and Indirect Causes, Substantial Causes, Cooperative conditions. Q&A/Discussion.  'One with the Guru' - Will we 'all become One'?
    Announcement:   Class Schedule Changes.  
    In order accommodate those who wish to attend teachings by Mingyur Rinpoche at:
    Tushita on May 11 and at Sherab Ling Friday:
    Wednesday - May 11 - Class 11:  TIME is changed to 2:00-3:30 PM.
    Friday - May 13 - Class 12: Topic - Review, Discussion/Debate & Q&A; 
    No new text material will be introduced.  
    Monday - May 16 - Class 13 DATE is CHANGED.  Class 13 will be held on Tuesday, May 17.

    CLASS TEN - Monday, MAY 9, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Introductory Pep Talk for New Topic:  Our self-grasping is contradictory, creates difficulties. The logical reasoning of Syllogisms focuses on revealing Contradictions.  Having concluded its analysis of the predicate, Gyaltsab Je's text introduces something new.
      • What makes a Syllogism Incorrect? <p. 103> "Unless one analyzes the predicate, it is impossible to apply the fault of being all three types of wrong syllogism simultaneously to one syllogism."
      • Three types of Wrong Syllogism:  Syllogisms of: (1) Contradiction, (2) Non-Establishment & (3) Non-Ascertainment are logically faulty as they do not satisfy the three modes of a correct syllogism.
    • Track 2 -Presentation of Three Modes of a Correct Syllogism (as background for understanding Wrong Syllogisms): 
      • Forward Pervasions; Counter Pervasions; Reverse Pervasions; Property of the Subject; and Illustrations/Basis, Relationships.
    • Background for understanding Relationship between the Predicate and the Reason/Sign
      • Correct Sign pervades the Predicate (whatever is the Reason is necessarily the Predicate); and 
      • it is always in relation to a person who realizes that pervasion in connection with a basis [example, illustration] (e.g., to understand the pervasion, ‘whatever is product is necessarily impermanent’, an illustration/basis is necessary for understanding.
    • Wrong Syllogisms of Non-Establishment [for the Respondent] - do not satisfy the first mode of a correct syllogism, i.e., the property of the subject, since the respondent realizes the thesis before the syllogism is posited; e.g., when the predicate and the reason are the same.
    • Q&A
    • Syllogisms of Contradiction [for the Respondent who believes a contradictory thesis].  Whatever satisfies the reason of the syllogism necessarily contradicts the predicate because whatever satisfies the reason necessarily does not satisfy the predicate.
    • Two main ways the Pervasion of a syllogism is Flawed 
      • Whatever satisfies the reason does not necessarily satisfy the predicate [e.g., whoever is a human being is not necessarily a man; not necessarily not a man; and not necessarily a woman]; or 
      • Whatever satisfies the reason necessarily does not satisfy the predicate[E.g., whoever is a woman is necessarily not a man; whatever is a table is necessarily not a person], i.e., things that are totally contradictory so there is nothing that is both.

    CLASS ELEVEN - Wednesday, MAY 11, 2016:

    CLASS TWELVE - Friday, MAY 13, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Question & Answer, Review, Discussion

    CLASS THIRTEEN - Tuesday, MAY 17, 2016:

    • Track 1 -  Review:  Predicates given in 3 Syllogisms supporting Creating God IIshvara.  
      • 3-part Reason one Syllogism gives in support of Ishvara.  Continue examining one of the three reasons for why the environment, etc., is created by god:  
        • "the environment (1) performs certain actions; (2) has specific shape; (3) performs function, i.e., produces certain results."
    • Track 2 - Continue Examining fallacies of 2d Reason, Having a Specific Shape.

    CLASS FOURTEEN - Wednesday, MAY 18, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Review/Summary of material presented in Class 13.  Q/A “If I hate or love one person, it is wrong . . .”
    • Track 2 - Presentation of: <p. 108> ”Determined by the presence or absence of blessings .  . . established the way a shape, etc., that which is inferred from that is reasonable" <p. 110> Explanation of logical absurdity of syllogism’s illustration - cause of a vase, a potter; causes of the environment, karma of beings.  The shape can be applied in both cases, just being similar and not different, it is not reasonable to infer from this the creation by God, like fire from a grey substance." . . . an example of non-ascertainment.  
      • Q&A
      • Announcement  
        • WEDNESDAY [May 25] class is MOVED to TUESDAY [MAY 24]; i.e., classes will be held on Monday, Tuesday & Friday.  Geshe Wangmo will be interpreting at Tushita for Yangten Rinpoche, who will lead an all day Chenrezig Retreat (5:00 AM - 5:00 PM) on May 25th.  If you wish to attend the Retreat, contact Tushita & go to Toshiba web here: Retreat Details

    CLASS FIFTEEN - Friday, MAY 20, 2016:

    • 1 Track - Review:  
      • Announce & Explain:  Change in text translationIshvara will henceforth replace "Creator God".
      • Review. Q&A.
    • 2 Track -  re Syllogism Reasons of "specific shape” & of "mere shape".
      • "Rebounding Argument".
      • Q&A.
      • <p. 113> Presentation.
      •  General Q&A.

    CLASS SIXTEEN - Monday, MAY 23, 2016:

    • Track 1 - Review: Rebounding Argument.  ‘Rebounding Argument” translates the meaning of the Tibetan term, the literal translation into English of which is:  “Flawed Refutation of the Same Result”.
      • Examine incorrect syllogisms in order to understand what a correct syllogism is.  
      • Eliminate [the objection of a] Rebounding Argument.
      • Three types of non-Buddhist Indian philosophers who revered Ishvara as creator God:  Samkhyas, Vaisheshikas and the Naiyayikas.  
      • Examine how a Samkhya argument (the result of something must exist at the time of the cause) reflects our own innate misunderstanding of the relationship between current behavior and future results.
    • Track 2 - Analyze the “Akshipada" follower’s argument that the Naiyayika reason “arisen through effort” is a Flawed Refutation/Rebounding Argument.
    CLASSES SEVENTEEN [Tuesday, MAY 24, 2016] thru 
    TWENTY-THREE [Wednesday, JUNE 8, 2016]
    remain to be posted.


    If any of the LINKS don't work, please leave a COMMENT or notify us by E-Mail. 

    Monday, April 11, 2016

    PRAMANA - TERM 4 - Spring 2016 ANNOUNCEMENT

    In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies is offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).

    The multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) that began several years ago is on hiatus and will resume upon completion of this course.


    SPRING 2016 Term

    The Institute of Buddhist Dialectics (IBD)

    McLeod Ganj near the Main Temple Complex

    Advanced Buddhist Philosophy Course
    Dharmakirti’s Valid Cognition Commentary (Pramanavarttika), Chapter 2

    Monday, 18 APRIL – Monday, 13 JUNE 2016

    Teacher: Ven. Kelsang Wangmo
    Weekly Schedule:  Monday, Wednesday & Friday
    4:00-6:00 PM – Mon & Fri / 4:00-5:30 PM – Wed
    Location:  IBD Prayer Hall - Main Temple Complex
    [Go through Main Temple Gate/Upstairs on right]
    Fee:  350 Rupees per month
    (All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)


    Course Topics:  This Spring 2016 term continues the study of the Second Chapter of Pramanavarttika, a Commentary on {Dignaga’s Compendium of} Valid Cognition by Dharmakirti.  The material covered during the Fall 2014 and the Spring & Fall 2015 Terms will be reviewed briefly.

    Course Text & Methodology:  The text for this Spring term has not been completed.  It will be posted here when it is available.

    The Text handouts are translated from Tibetan by Ven. Wangmo and serve as the text for every class.  This text includes a translation of the commentary on Dharmakirti’s Second Chapter by Gyaltsab Je (a chief disciple of Je Tsongkhapa), Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, which embeds the Pramanavarttika in its commentary.  Additionally, Geshe Wangmo translates relevant commentaries by contemporary masters which follow each passage from Gyaltsab Je.

    Using the curriculum of the great Tibetan monastic universities that is taught at IBD, this advanced philosophy course presents Dharmakirti’s logical proofs of the validity of the basis, path and fruit of liberation and omniscient enlightenment.  Students will have opportunities to discuss and debate the subject matter in class.

    Course Teacher:  Ven. Kelsang Wangmo (a Western nun) was awarded a Geshe degree from IBD for successful completion of the 17-year curriculum studies.

    Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to visit before you enroll.  Should you be unable to attend the entire Fall 2015 course, you may be able to continue by downloading audio files of the classes:  ibd-buddhist.blogspot.com.
     


    Sunday, September 13, 2015

    PRAMANA Course - TERM 3 - FALL 2015 resources

    In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies is offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).

    The multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) that began several years ago is on temporary hiatus and will resume upon completion of this course.

    Class Materials

    Following His Holiness' advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Furthermore, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the text she has prepared for this course.

    The text for this Fall term has been completed -- although, per usual, revisions may be made to the text as the term progresses.  Furthermore, the text used during the Spring term has been somewhat amended/corrected:  A Summary of the last section of the Spring 2015 text [Ascertaining that the Instances [satisfy] the Definition} & its Study Questions have been added.

    The text for this Fall 2015 term begins with a section entitled, The Attributes, on page 66.

    DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS

     

    FINAL TEXT for FALL 2015 TERM

    Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) - typos in Tibetan have been corrected. [NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not show up properly.  Download the PDF and open it, and those embedded fonts display properly.]

    If you are interested in the meaning of the prayers, etc., please check out Spring 2015 Term Resources page for audio clips.

    Friday, July 24, 2015

    PRAMANA Course - TERM 3 - FALL 2015 ANNOUNCEMENT

    In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies is offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's Compendium of] Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).
    • AnnouncementDecember 21-23, 2015, H.H. Dalai Lama will give teachings on Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika in Bylakuppe, Karnataka, at the new new Assembly Hall of Tashi Lhunpo Monastery [following the inaugural ceremonies in the morning of December 20]. 

    Fall 2015 Term Announcement

    The Institute of Buddhist Dialectics (IBD)
    McLeod Ganj near the Main Temple Complex
    Advanced  Buddhist Philosophy Course
    Dharmakirti’s Valid Cognition Commentary (Pramanavarttika), Chapter 2

    Monday, 14 September – mid-November, 2015

    Teacher: Ven. Kelsang Wangmo
    Weekly Schedule:  Monday, Wednesday & Friday
    4:00-6:00 PM – Mon & Fri / 4:00-5:30 PM – Wed
    Location:  IBD Prayer Hall - Main Temple Complex
    [Go through Main Temple Gate/Upstairs on right]
    Fee:  300 Rupees per month
    (All proceeds sponsor IBD students’ living expenses)
    Email:  chogslags-ibd@yahoo.com / Website:  ibd-buddhist.blogspot.com


    Course Topics:  This Fall 2015 term continues the study of the Second Chapter of Pramanavarttika, a Commentary on {Dignaga’s Compendium of} Valid Cognition by Dharmakirti.

    The one-month term in Fall 2014 presented an introduction to concepts and background of this text and its introductory section, and the two month Spring 2015 term examined the Introduction of Gyaltsab Je's commentary and began the body of the text.  Some material covered in the earlier terms will be reviewed in this Fall term.

    Download the Text, Handouts & Class Recordings of the Spring 2015 term and the  Fall 2014 term.

    The material included in the study of Chapter Two of Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika will be taught in the subsequent Spring and Autumn terms of the IBD Advanced Philosophy Course until completed; after which the Perfection of Wisdom Course will resume.

    Course Text & Methodology:  Handouts prepared by Ven. Wangmo serve as the text for every class.  The Handouts include a translation of the commentary on Dharmakirti’s Second Chapter by Gyaltsab Je (disciple of Je Tsongkhapa), Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, with the Pramanavarttika text and translations of oral commentaries by contemporary masters embedded therein.

    Using the curriculum of the great Tibetan monastic universities that is taught at IBD, this advanced philosophy course presents Dharmakirti’s logical proofs of the validity of the basis, path and fruit of liberation and omniscient enlightenment.  Students will have opportunities to discuss and debate the subject matter in class.

    Course Teacher:  Ven. Kelsang Wangmo (a Western nun) was awarded a Geshe degree from IBD for successful completion of the 17-year curriculum studies.

    Students:  The challenging course material is aimed at earnest students of Buddhist philosophy.  If you wish to check out the classes, you are welcome to visit before you enroll.  Should you be unable to attend the entire Fall 2015 course, you may be able to continue by downloading audio files of the classes:  ibd-buddhist.blogspot.com.

    Friday, June 12, 2015

    PRAMANA Course - TERM 2 - SPRING 2015 resources

    In accordance with the suggestion of H.H. Dalai Lama to our teacher, Geshe Kelsang Wangmo, in May 2014, the Advanced Buddhist Philosophy in English program of the Institute for Buddhist Dialectical studies is offering a course on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Commentary on [Dignaga's] Compendium of Valid Cognition (Skt. Pramāņavarttika; ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་).

    The multi-year Perfection of Wisdom course (based on Maitreya's Ornament for Clear Realizations (Abhisamayalamkara) that began several years ago is on temporary hiatus and will resume upon completion of this course.

    Class Materials


    Following His Holiness' advice, Geshe Wangmo is translating the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramāņavarttika.  In accord with the methodology for teaching this ancient text at IBD and the great Tibetan monastic universities, Dharmatkirti's terse verses are embedded into Geshe Wangmo's translation of Gyaltsab (Darma Rinchen) Je's commentary.  Furthermore, Geshe Wangmo, having received oral teachings on this text by several contemporary masters, has translated selected portions of those and inserted these explanations into the text she has prepared for this course.

    The text that she has prepared to date (more will be done before the end of this term) is available for download below.  This text includes the slightly revised material from the first term in the Fall 2014:

    The Text [Handout for the Spring 2015 Term] prepared by Geshe Wangmo for the second term of the Pramana Course includes:
    • An INTRODUCTION to the Pramana course.
    • Gyaltsab Je's Elucidation of the Path to Liberation, a Detailed Explanation of the Verses of the Pramāņavarttika [tshad ma rnam 'grel gyi tshig le'ur byes pa rnam bshad thar lam gsal byed - ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་གྱི་ཚིག་ལེའུར་བྱེས་པ་རྣམ་བཤད་ཐར་ལམ་གསལ་བྱེད།], commonly known as, Elucidation of the Path to Liberation [ཐར་ལམ་གསལ་བྱེད་]. 
    • Translations of relevant recordings and notes of oral teachings by prominent contemporary Geluk scholars are inserted into the text to provide explanation of difficult points.  Some of those masters are:  Geshe Yeshe Thabgyal, Geshe Palden Drakpa, Geshe Wangchen, Geshe Gyatso, Geshe Tsering Norbu.
    Additionally, Geshe Wangmo prepared three Handouts of Charts, Illustrations and Diagrams as study aids for topics raised in the text in 2014.  Those have been slightly revised and are available for download below.  More such Handouts will be made available during this term.

    As an aid for students, Questions for Studying and learning the most important important points raised in the text are included at the end of sections.

    DOWNLOAD PDF COURSE MATERIALS

     

    FINAL TEXT for SPRING 2015 TERM

    3 PDFs of CHARTS, ILLUSTRATION &  DIAGRAMS: CHARTS 1-12. CHARTS 13-15. CHARTS 16-27.

    Class PRAYERS (for before and after teaching) have been revised this year. [NOTE:  If you view this PDF in your WEB BROWSER, the Tibetan Fonts may not show up properly.  Download the PDF and open it, and those embedded fonts display properly.]

    Excerpts of the Tibetan commentary by Gyaltsab Je - pages 337-345 of The Elucidation of the Path to Liberation [ཐར་ལམ་གསལ་བྱེད་] on Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika, from the Second Chapter (The Establishment of a Valid Cognizer, Pramanasiddhi, ཚད་མ་གྲུབ་པའི་ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ།) including interpolation of the root text.   [༄༅།།ཚད་མ་རྣམ་འགྲེལ་གྱི་ཚིག་ལེའུར་བྱས་པའི་རྣམ་བཤད་ཐར་ལམ་གསལ་བར་བྱེད་པ་ཞེས་བྱ་བ་ལས་ལེའུ་གཉིས་པ་ཚད་མ་ཡང་དག་པར་གྲུབ་པ།].

    DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings of the 13 Classes held in the Fall 2014 Term here.

    DOWNLOAD MP3 Recordings for SPRING 2015 Term


    Explanation of the Class Prayers by Geshe Wangmo:


    CLASS ONE - Wednesday, APRIL 15, 2015.

    CLASS TWO - Friday, APRIL 17, 20l5:
    • Track 1 - Complete introductory review (of Fall 2014 term) to the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika.
    • Track 2 - Begin actual text [p. 12], commentary by Gyaltsab Je on the Second Chapter of Dharmakirti's Pramanavarttika, i.e., a commentary on 2 lines of Homage by Dignaga for Compendium of Pramana that are an explanation of Buddhahood.  Two lines of Prajnakaragupta’s promise to compose his commentary (cited by Gyaltsab Je).  What is Enlightenment & How is it attained? Buddha Nature (all we need to becoming Enlightened) & Eliminations (thru wisdom) of what stands in the way.
    • Track 3 - Two Causes of a Buddha [p. 13]Excellent Intention (Great Compassion) & Excellent Application (mind focusing on Wisdom Realizing Selflessness):  Why Great Compassion (rather than Bodhicitta, great love, etc.)? Distinguish: "immeasurable" & "limitless", and more.
    CLASS THREE - Monday, APRIL 20, 20l5:
    • Track 1: Review prior classes & material covered in Fall 2014, e.g., Two Excellent Causes & Results (Own Benefit & Others’ Benefit Kayas). The Teacher. The Sugata: Sugata-Eliminations: Perfect Elimination, Elimination Without Return & Completely Eliminated. Who is not “in Samsara”? - paths and grounds.
    • Track 2Sugata-Realizations. How the text relates to taking Refuge: Causal & Resultant Refuge. Do we really need to take Refuge in the Buddh?. Why establish Buddha as a Valid Cognizer Being, a reliable, genuine valid cognizer? Pages 15-16 of text].  
    CLASS FOUR - Wednesday, APRIL 22, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Concise Review of 2014. Forward & Reverse systems explanations of the Pramanavarttika's 2nd Chapter to demonstrate that Buddha is a Valid Cognizer Being by using the four qualities cited in Homage.  Continue sub-section [The Way the Meaning of (Dignaga’s Explanation) is Elucidated by the Author of the Pramanavarttika] of Gyaltsab Je's General Meaning introduction to his commentary on the Second Chapter of the Pramanavarttika.
    • Track 2:  [P. 23] Five Factors in Reverse order to prove Buddha is a Valid Cognizer Being. Unique presentation of Four Noble Truths.  Final subsection, [Dignaga & Dharmakirti's] View, of Gyaltsab Je's introduction to Chapter Two.  Debates presented by Gyaltsab Je, e.g.:  is it necessary to establish Buddha is faultless to practice?  [P. 25] Scriptural (words) & Realization (meaning) Teachings of Buddha. If (unique) Meaning is faultless, words & the Teacher also are.  "Momentariness of the Subtle". "Realization" vs "Conviction".  
    CLASS FIVE - Friday, APRIL 24, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Detailed explanation of the meaning of Valid Cognizer.  Meaning of the Branches [body of Gyaltsab Je's Second Chapter commentary]:  Explanatory addition to the text, pp. 26 & 27.  What is pramana.  Relevant definitions from Collected Topics (based on Pramanavarttika) & Lorig.  That which the mind realizes and the mind/knower .
    • Track 2:  Meaning of "to realize" is very important in Buddhism.  What are the characteristics of a mind that realizes its object so we will know if we have realized our object.  Incontrovertibly establishing something with correct logic.  What is the meaning of all the aspects of the definition of a Valid Cognizer, Pramana: an awareness/mind that is newly non-deceptive & incontrovertible.   
    • Track 3:  [P. 29], Identifying Non-Deceptive (presented In format of debate):  "The realization of objects of comprehension (high rebirth, the definite good) and the methods that lead to those goals depends on Valid Cognizer . . . what is the definition of a general valid cognizer that is such so that by satisfying that definition, a consciousness becomes a Valid Cognizer.  
      • Presentation of Self-Knowers.  
      • Q&A  
    CLASS SIX - Monday, APRIL 27, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  What does it mean to know something.  What is the Knower.  How do we know we know something.  The mind that realizes something newly - a valid cognizer.  A mind that realizes something always induces a conceptual mental consciousness, at least a tiny thought.  The meaning of "to realize" is complicated not simple.
    • Track 2Non-Deceptive outline, cont.  Not only can we know objects around us, we can remember them; but only if we have realized them.  If there an awareness without ascertainment of the object, you cannot remember it later.  Self-Knowers:  We are aware of being aware. 2 PosibilitIes for Sense (Direct) Consciousness:  (1) an awareness to which its object appears but is not ascertained or (2) an awareness that realizes its object.  Even though eye consciousness is dominant, we do not see tangible or taste or sound objects  
    • Track 3Non-Deceptive, cont.  Presentation of Self-Knowers, cont.  One cannot realize an object one does not believe in; similarly, doubt is an obstacle.  [P. 29], debate.  Self-Knower and Other Knower are of one substantial entity, arise and cease simultaneously, and are not identical.  Self-Knowers are mental consciousnesses.  All awareness have Self-Knower.  Illustration of Self-Knower, a lamp that illuminates itself.
    CLASS SEVEN - Wednesday, APRIL 29, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Imputation & Designation/Labeling:  Can we know something before we label it.  What is labeling & imputation.  Mental & terminological labeling.  Can we actually perceive something if we have no concept of it whatsoever; Buddhist claim is we are born with concepts.  Nothing exists from its own side; merely labelled. Q&A. 
    • Track 2:  Differentiate terminological and mental "generic image" labeling.  Merely labelled excludes any intrinstic reality from side of object. Without labeling, we cannot know something.  Q&A.  Does eye consciousness perceives "table", or just shape & color.  Conclude presentation of Lokayata / Self-Knowers as stepping stone to understanding labeling.  [Pp. 29-31] Debate:  definition of pramana:  a non-deceptive consciousness, i.e., a mind that realizes its objects, e.g., a mind apprehending blue, is non-deceptive regarding its object and its object's functions; however, due to innate views, mental perceptions may keep some aspects of the object from being realized. Self-Knower analogy:  a lamp illuminates itself and everything around it.  So what knows the Self-knower?  The Self-Knower knows itself.  In conclusion of section Identifying the Non-Deceptive:  [P. 32} By being non-deceptive about the defining functions of its main object, a valid cognizer enables the person in whose continuum it arises to obtain a desired object.  
    CLASS EIGHT - Friday, May 1, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Why valid cognition is necessary for Buddhist Path - Review.  What is a valid cognizer.  How do you know you had a valid cognition.
    • Track 2:  Explanation of how Self-Knower knows the valid cognizer.  Formulating questions.
    • Track 3:  New topic: Valid cognizers in daily life can lead to obtaining its objects physically, or mentally attaining its object, i.e., a state of mind.  A valid cognizer cannot "obtain" spoken words, but can attain understanding of those.  P. 33.  "Definition" is translation of Buddhist term (Tib. tsen-nyi) meaning "main characteristic" . . . Q&A.  Sound and the particles that cause sound are not the same entity.  Physically obtain.  One cannot "smell a peppermint leaf", rather "obtain the smell of a peppermint leaf" from particles off the leaf.
    CLASS NINE - Monday, May 4, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Review and elaborate new material presented in Class 8 [Track 3] and its Q&A/Debates regarding how and what exactly our senses perceive.   Gyaltsab Je's text elaborates topics
    • Track 2:  Returning to debate in text: Someone says, Dharmakiriti's definintion of valid cognizer is too narrow, because not all valid cognizers are non-deceptive because it cannot obtain sound, etc.  Our system replies:  Still, one can realize sound, etc.  Explanation, e.g., observed object condition and mental functioning.  Operation of sense and mental consciousnesses during sleep.  Empowering and uncommon empowering conditions of sense perceptions.  Observed object conditions appears to and is cause of the consciousness.  Uncommon empowering condition of a mental consciousness. Apprehended objects. Q&A:  e.g., appearance without ascertainment.
    CLASS TEN - Wednesday, May 6, 20l5:
    • Track 1:  Expressive Sound is debated in Gyaltsab Je's text .  Three Object Possessors.  Q&A.  Expressive Sound & Consciousness (Direct & Conceptual).  Full, Partial & Eliminative Engagers.  Speech of Buddha.  We are unable to fully communicate what we really feel because of the nature of sound.
    • Track 2:  [P. 35]  Regarding someone's assertion that a non-deceptive mind must be able obtain its object.  Our system disagrees, e.g., expressive sound.  Re valid cognizer arisen sound, e.g., ear consciousness; but can an inferential cognizer arise from sound?  Treatises & Buddha's sutras are sound; texts are symbolic representations of those sounds.  Some systems assert that their sacred texts are pramana.
    • Track 3:  New topic:  Valid cognizers in daily life can lead to obtaining its objects physically, or mentally attaining its object, i.e., a state of mind.  A valid cognizer cannot "obtain" spoken words, but can attain understanding of those.  "Definition" is a translation of Buddhist term (Tib. tsen-nyi) meaning "main characteristic" . . . Q&A.  Sound and the particles that cause sound are not the same entity.  Physically obtain, e.g., one cannot "smell a peppermint leaf", rather "obtain the smell of a peppermint leaf" from particles off the leaf.
    CLASS ELEVEN - Friday, May 8, 20l5:
    CLASS TWELVE - Monday, May 12, 20l5:
    CLASS THIRTEEN - Monday, May 18, 20l5:
    CLASS FOURTEEN - Wednesday, May 20, 20l5:
    CLASS FIFTEEN - Friday, May 22, 20l5:
    CLASS SIXTEEN - Monday, May 25, 20l5:
    CLASS SEVENTEEN - Wednesday, May 27, 20l5:
    • Track 1.  At the TCV teaching, H.H. Dalai Lama discussed the Buddhist practice & motivation related to one of the class prayers.  Review:  Self-Knowers.  Mind and mental factors (lo-rig).
    • Track 2.  [P. 46] Gyaltsab Je outline:  Ascertaining Instances that Satisfy the Definition [of pramana, valid cognizer - an unmistaken mind that incontrovertibly knows its object]:  a consciousness that is newly non-deceptive, i.e., it newly realizes/knows its object.  Definiendum, Definition & Instances/illustrations.  Labeling.  Buddhist practice:  observing how do I know something.  Lokyata/Chravakas.- only believe direct physical perception, e.g., not past/future lives; and inferential cognizers are not pramana.  Wrong views [e.g., permanence] can inhibit perception of reality.  Due to misperceptions, we may not know that we know something, i.e., subconscious awareness.  What is it that knows we know?  Dharmakirti's 2 line refutation of one set of assertions re how one knows one knows.  Three panditas had different interpretations of those 2 lines by Dharmakirti.
    • Track 3.  Pedagogical approaches in 4th, 14th, 20th & 21st centuries & in Buddhist studies today.  Q&A.
    CLASS EIGHTEEN - Friday, May 29, 20l5:
    • Track 1.  Self-ascertainment:  how do we know that we know something.  What is the mind that knows its objects; and how do we know that a particular mind in our continuum is a pramana, that the instance satisfies the definition of pramana.  Proof statements. Labeling/imputing.  Lack of objective reality. . . .   Without a proper label, confusion ensures: illustrations.
    • Track 2.  Eye consciousness realizing blue:  Self-knower realizes that the mind has realized its object of comprehension, blue.   Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizer:  Eye consciousness that sees a Juniper tree arising in the continuum of a person who doubts whether or not it is a Juniper tree.  Differentiating a mind that is mistaken and a mind that doesn't get the full details of its object.  Is the first moment of that eye consciousness realizing tree a valid cognizer?  Through its own power, the sense consciousness induces a conceptual mind that realizes the same thing.  For illustration of an eye consciousness and possible Juniper tree:  a valid cognizer induces ascertainment of tree, but does not induce ascertainment of its a final object of comprehension, a Juniper tree; that will require another valid cognizer which is the Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizer.  Examples of Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizers for other sense consciousnesses.  Q&A, e.g., differentiating an object of comprehension & a "final" such.
    • Track 3.  The purpose of using sense consciousness as examples in this context of Doubt regarding the object:  Is the final object of comprehension in a person who doesn't know whether or not the tree observed is a Juniper tree or not?  An Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizer only can remove external obstacles to the Juniper tree being final object of comprehension.  Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizers & mental consciousness:  On the basis of correct reasoning, can an inferential consciousness arise as an Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizer?  Where does our intrinsic sense of permanence come from? Q&A
    CLASS NINETEEN - Monday, June 1, 20l5:
    CLASS TWENTY - Wednesday, June 3, 20l5:
    • Track 1.  Explanation & Q&A re:  Other Ascertaining Valid Cognizers; Final Object of Comprehension [one with or synonymous with your object]; why Mental Consciousnesses are Other Ascertaining Valid Cognizers; Self-Ascertaining Valid Cognizers; illustration, color of fire.
    • Track 2.  Presentation of Dharmottara's interpretation of Dharmakirti's 2 lines re Self-Ascertainment Valid Cognizers: “[Some] self-experiencing self-knowing direct perceiver pramana (i.e., self-knowing valid cognizers) when realizing their own nature induce an ascertainment of the factor of non-deceptiveness that is simultaneous and of one substantial entity with themselves”. Re Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizer, a Self-Knower is aware of whether or not mind is non-deceptive with regard to, e.g., the color of fire.
    CLASS TWENTY-ONE - Friday, June 5, 20l5:
    • Track 1 - Review of Course text of Gyaltsab Je covered to date in Spring 2015.
    • Track 2 - Discussion.
    • Track 3 - Text’s presentation of Dharmottara’s assertions [re:  How do we know that we know something in relation of Self-Knowers, Why Other Ascertainment Valid Cognizers are Sense Consciousnesses & not Mental Conciousnesses] & Gyaltsab Je's presentation of Self-Knower of Self Ascertainment Valid Cognizer has been explained.
    CLASS TWENTY-TWO - Monday, June 8, 20l5:  
          Presentation & Discussion of Mind Only & Prajnaparagupta's response.
    • Track 1.   Prajnaparagupta's assertions -- from the Mind Only/Chittamatrin perspective -- regarding the distinction between pramana and non-pramana, "How do we know we know".  Brief overview and discussion of Mind Only system.
    • Track 2.  Complete the presentation of Mind Only & Prajnaparagupta's response to, "How do we know we know", from Mind Only perspective.  Discussion.  Since a Buddha is not omnipotent, in what sense is a Buddha "perfect"?  Imputation, labelling, generalization and bigotry.
    CLASS TWENTY-THREE - Monday, JUNE 10, 20l5:
    • Track 1.  Review, chart - verbal conventions, additional text.
    • Track 2.  Presentation of Devandabodhi's assertions - some are accepted & some are not -- re:  How do We Know We know?  P. 56:  Extensive discussion regarding to Someone's Qualm/Debate re:  What do Self-Ascertainment & Other Ascertainment mean in relation to point of view of an object or point of view of Valid Cognizer?  "Color of fire, red" = an object.  While "How do we know we know" = a consciousnessness.  So must either refer to one or the other.  P. 58 - 3-Fold Object Possessors.